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Spanish Grammar- Present Subjunctive



Spanish Grammar

Presente de Subjuntivo- Present Subjunctive

Uses of the Present Subjunctive

 

1) To express a command in the usted or ustedes form, either in the affirmative or in the negative.

Cierre Usted la puerta- Close the door

No cierre Usted la puerta- Don't close the door

 

2) To express a negative command in the familiar form (tú)

No lo hagas- Don't do it

No te sientes allí- Don't sit there

 

3) The present subjunctive is used after a verb that expresses some kind of wish, insistence, preference, suggestion, or request

Quiero que Juan lo haga- I want John to do it

Insisto en que Juan lo haga- I insist that John do it

Prefiero que Juan lo haga- I prefer that John do it

Pido que Juan lo haga- I ask that John do it

 

4) The present subjunctive is used after a verb that expresses doubt, fear, joy, hope, sorrow, or some other emotion

Dudo que Juan lo haga- I doubt John will do it/I doubt John is doing it

No creo que Juan venga- I don't think John is coming/I don't think John will come

Temo que Juan esté enfermo- I fear John is ill

Me alegro de que venga Juan- I am glad that Juan is coming

Espero que Juan no esté aqui- I hope John isn't here

 

5) The present subjunctive is used after certain impersonal expressions that show necessity, doubt, regret, importance, urgency or possibility

Es necesario que Juan lo haga- It is necessary that John do it

No es cierto que Juan venga- It is not certain that John is coming

Es lástima que Juan no venga- It's a pity John isn't coming

Es importante que Juan lo haga- It's important that John does it

Es preciso que Juan lo haga- It's necessary that John does it

Es urgente que Juan venga- It's urgent that John comes

 

6) The present subjunctive is used after certain conjunctions of time if the time referred to is either indefinite or is expected to take place in the future

Le hablaré a Juan cuando venga- I will talk to John when he comes

Vámonos antes de que llueva- Let's go before it rains

En cuanto ella venga, le hablaré- As soon as she comes, I will speak to her



Tags of Post: spanish grammar, uses, present subjunctive

Author: Learning Spanish

Published on Dec. 18, 2018

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