The Folstein Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) is a screening test used to check the cognitive status of older adults. The components of the exam include orientation, immediate recall, attention and calculation, recall, and language. Orientation includes asking questions, such as today's date, today's year, the current month, the current day, the current city, current county, and current state (the person is in). Immediate recall includes testing the patient's memory; the test says a few words clearly and slowly and then asks the patient to repeat them. Attention and calculation includes the counting backwards test and the spelling backwards test. Recall includes asking the patient to repeat the words spoken during the immediate recall test. Language includes naming, repetition, three-stage command, reading, writing, and copying. The scoring can be a maximum total of 30. A score of 23-30 is normal. A score of 19-23 is borderline. A score < 19 indicates impaired cognitive ability.
Tags of Document:Folstein, mini-mental state exam, MMSE, cognitive ability